What is Stemcell Banking?

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Stemcell banking is a process of collecting and storing stem cells from various sources, including bone marrow, peripheral blood, and umbilical cord blood. The most commonly collected and banked stem cells come from umbilical cord blood, which is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta after a baby is born.

Stem cells are unique cells in the body that have the ability to divide and differentiate into different types of cells, such as blood cells, brain cells, and muscle cells. Because of their versatility, stem cells have the potential to be used in a wide range of medical treatments and therapies.

Cord blood stem cells are considered to be a valuable source of stem cells because they are relatively easy to collect and are less likely to be contaminated by infectious agents than stem cells from other sources. In addition, cord blood stem cells are less likely to be rejected by the body’s immune system, making them a good match for a wider range of patients.

Process of Stemcell Banking

The process of Stemcell banking begins with the collection of cord blood at the time of the baby’s birth. After the baby is born and the umbilical cord is cut, the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta is collected and stored. The collection process is non-invasive and painless and does not harm the baby or the mother in any way.

Once the cord blood is collected, it is transported to a cord blood bank, where it is processed and stored. Cord blood banks use various storage methods, such as cryopreservation, to keep the stem cells in a state of suspended animation until they are needed. Cryopreservation is a process that involves freezing the cord blood stem cells at very low temperatures, which helps to preserve their quality and viability for future use.

Types of cord blood banking

public cord blood banking and private cord blood banking

Public cord blood banks collect and store cord blood stem cells for use in public medical facilities and research institutions. The stem cells stored in public cord blood banks are available to anyone who needs them, regardless of their financial situation. Private cord blood banks, on the other hand, collect and store cord blood stem cells for the exclusive use of the family that banked them. Private cord blood banks charge a fee for their services and provide families with the option of using their own stem cells for potential medical treatments.

Public cord blood

Public cord blood banking is a valuable resource for patients who do not have access to their own cord blood stem cells or who do not have a suitable match within their family. Public cord blood banks provide an important source of stem cells for patients who require a stem cell transplant for a wide range of medical conditions, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and sickle cell anemia.

Private cord blood

Private cord blood banking is a growing industry that offers families the opportunity to store their own cord blood stem cells for potential future use.

While stem cell banking offers many potential benefits, there are also some limitations and risks to consider. Additionally, the use of stem cells may not be appropriate for all medical conditions, and the cost of stem cell treatments can be prohibitively expensive for some families.


In conclusion, stem cell banking is a valuable resource for families who want to invest in their child’s future health.

Benefits of Stemcell Banking, List of Diseases Protected by Stemcells